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Bounce: The of Myth of Talent and the Power of Practice

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Expert firefighters are able to confront a burning building and almost instantly place it within the context of a rich, detailed, and elaborate conceptual scheme derived from years of experience. They can chunk the visual properties of the scene and comprehend its complex dynamics, often without understanding how. This is extrasensory perception, a sixth sense.

Bounce: The Myth of Talent and the Power of Practice Bounce: The Myth of Talent and the Power of Practice

The experiment with the pigeons: the pigeons witnessed a random connection between a particular kind of behavior and a desired connection, and wrongly inferred that the relationship was causal. Mozart is considered by many to have been the greatest composer who ever lived. Traditionally, most people would assume outstanding achievements like his are due to natural abilities, or even divine inspiration or fate. This assumption holds especially true for child prodigies like Mozart who already had the world mesmerized with his musical talent at the age of six. The need to belong, to associate, is among the most important human motives. We are almost certainly hardwired with a fundamental motivation to maintain these associations. The information that is provided through our eyes and ears are only loosely connected to the way we experience the world.

By comparing the outcome of the shot with the color movie of his intention, he was able to learn and adapt in the most efficient way on every single stroke he ever played. When creativity manifests itself not in artistic expression but in technical innovation, a subtle but immensely powerful interaction is created: purposeful practice changing individuals, and also changing the means of changing individuals. In stage one, experts engage in purposeful practice and, as a consequence, develop new techniques. In stage two, other individuals corral these innovations to increase the efficacy of practice, leading to new innovations in stage three, and so on. Transformational moment: Shaq O’Neill was about to quite basket, telling his mom that he could do it later. His mom responded: Later doesn’t always come to everybody. The key point in all this is that knowledge is not used merely to make sense of perceptions; knowledge is embedded in perceptions. Intellectually stimulating and hugely enjoyable at a stroke ... challenged some of my most cherished beliefs about life and success.' Jonathan Edwards, triple jump world record holder

Bounce: The of Myth of Talent and the Power of Practice

The figure skater champion fell and fell. Why did she not give up? Because she did not interpret falling down as failure. Armed with a growth mindset, she interpreted falling down not merely as a means of improving, but as evidence that she was improving. Failing provided her with an opportunity to learn, develop and adapt. By publishing your document, the content will be optimally indexed by Google via AI and sorted into the right category for over 500 million ePaper readers on YUMPU. The Summary of Bounce | Chapter 7: Baseball rituals, pigeons, and why great sportsmen feel miserable after winning Matthew Syed is an Olympic athlete. His sport is table tennis. He writes about how he’s realised that his prowess at the sport has nothing whatsoever to do with any innate talent or any quirk of genetics but is entirely due to careful, purposeful practise.

Purposeful practice: the practice sessions of aspiring champions have a specific and never-changing purpose: progress. Every second of every minute of every hour, the goal is to extend one´s mind and body, to push oneself beyond the outer limits of ones capacities, to engage so deeply in the task that one leaves the training session, literally, a changed person. It is only an expert performer – someone who has practiced long enough to automate skill – who has the capacity to choke. For a novice – still wielding the explicit system – any additional attention is likely to benefit execution, not hinder it. A young performer has a sizeable head start on anybody who commences their training a few years later.

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When the brain switch occurs, neither courage nor cowardice makes the least bit difference. Choking is a problem of psychological reversion: the flipping from a brain system used by experts to one used by novices. Imagine a top-notch marathon runner, who always finishes her races in the top ten. If you had to explain her success, would you say it was due to her being a natural runner? Or is it because she has practiced unwaveringly for years? To an external observer, this kind of conviction may seem irrational. But in fact the point of this conviction is not its veracity. These events are so powerful because they are small and indirect. It is called motivation by association; a small, barely noticed connection searing deep into the subconscious and sparking a motivational response.

Onlookers took the performance to be the consequence of special abilities because they had witnessed only a tiny percentage of the activity that had gone into its making. The example with the slider who got a salt water injection instead of morphine: the solder was not merely comforted by the injection of saltwater; he was able to tolerate the agonies of surgery as well as if he had been injected with real anesthetics. World class performance comes by striving for a target just out of reach, but with a vivid awareness of how the gap might be breached. Over time, through constant repetition and deep concentration, the gap will disappear, only for a new target to be created, just out of reach again. The very process of building knowledge transforms the hardware in which the knowledge is stored and operated.

Bounce: The Myth of Talent and the Power of Practice

If the performer doesn’t feel any pressure, there is no pressure – and the conscious mind will not attempt to wrestle control from the implicit system.Syed's exploration of the concept that talent is not an innate gift, but rather a result of purposeful, deliberate practice, is nothing short of revolutionary. He takes us on an exhilarating ride through the stories of individuals who have scaled unimaginable heights, showcasing that even the most exceptional talents are honed through dedicated effort. As an example, my eldest son used to take part in weekly football coaching at a local sports centre. He was one of the younger players (being a late August baby) but was always willing to learn, and paid attention to what the coach was trying to get across. There were apparently more talented players there, but few of them were willing to learn. The coach pointed out that over time the abilities of the players would tend to average out - those who were willing to learn catching up and indeed over taking those who had a head start. Attention is a resource with severe capacity limitations. Most of us have the same bandwidth available for conscious processing, but experts, by automating perceptual and motor programs, are able to create spare capacity. Ericson’s experiment: purposeful practice was the only factor distinguishing the best from the rest. It is practice, not talent that ultimately matters. But looking more closely at the phenomenon of child prodigies, we find that in fact they had to practice for thousands of hours before showing their so-called prodigious talent. In fact, scientists studying the phenomenon have found that typically a prodigy’s training begins at a very early age and that they compress endless hours of practice into their young lives.

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